VarianceStatistics Functions

Functions

void arm_var_f32 (float32_t *pSrc, uint32_t blockSize, float32_t *pResult)
Variance of the elements of a floating-point vector.

void arm_var_q15 (q15_t *pSrc, uint32_t blockSize, q15_t *pResult)
Variance of the elements of a Q15 vector.

void arm_var_q31 (q31_t *pSrc, uint32_t blockSize, q31_t *pResult)
Variance of the elements of a Q31 vector.

Description

Calculates the variance of the elements in the input vector. The underlying algorithm used is the direct method sometimes referred to as the two-pass method:

Result = sum(element - meanOfElements)^2) / numElement - 1
where, meanOfElements = ( pSrc * pSrc + pSrc * pSrc + ... + pSrc[blockSize-1] ) / blockSize

There are separate functions for floating point, Q31, and Q15 data types.

Function Documentation

 void arm_var_f32 ( float32_t * pSrc, uint32_t blockSize, float32_t * pResult )
Parameters
 [in] *pSrc points to the input vector [in] blockSize length of the input vector [out] *pResult variance value returned here
Returns
none.

References blockSize.

Referenced by main().

 void arm_var_q15 ( q15_t * pSrc, uint32_t blockSize, q15_t * pResult )
Parameters
 [in] *pSrc points to the input vector [in] blockSize length of the input vector [out] *pResult variance value returned here
Returns
none.

Scaling and Overflow Behavior:

The function is implemented using a 64-bit internal accumulator. The input is represented in 1.15 format. Intermediate multiplication yields a 2.30 format, and this result is added without saturation to a 64-bit accumulator in 34.30 format. With 33 guard bits in the accumulator, there is no risk of overflow, and the full precision of the intermediate multiplication is preserved. Finally, the 34.30 result is truncated to 34.15 format by discarding the lower 15 bits, and then saturated to yield a result in 1.15 format.

References __SIMD32, __SMLALD(), and blockSize.

 void arm_var_q31 ( q31_t * pSrc, uint32_t blockSize, q31_t * pResult )
Parameters
 [in] *pSrc points to the input vector [in] blockSize length of the input vector [out] *pResult variance value returned here
Returns
none.

Scaling and Overflow Behavior:

The function is implemented using an internal 64-bit accumulator. The input is represented in 1.31 format, which is then downshifted by 8 bits which yields 1.23, and intermediate multiplication yields a 2.46 format. The accumulator maintains full precision of the intermediate multiplication results, but provides only a 16 guard bits. There is no saturation on intermediate additions. If the accumulator overflows it wraps around and distorts the result. In order to avoid overflows completely the input signal must be scaled down by log2(blockSize)-8 bits, as a total of blockSize additions are performed internally. After division, internal variables should be Q18.46 Finally, the 18.46 accumulator is right shifted by 15 bits to yield a 1.31 format value.

References blockSize.