WLAN Throughput#

Introduction#

This application demonstrates the procedure to measure WLAN UDP/TCP/SSL throughput by configuring the RS9116W in client/server role. In this application, the RS9116W connects to a Wi-Fi access point, obtains an IP address, connects to Iperf server/client running on a remote PC and measures Tx/Rx throughput transmitted/received from remote PC.

Setting Up#

To use this application, the following hardware, software and project setup is required.

Hardware Requirements#

Figure: Setup Diagram for WLAN Throughput Example

Software Requirements#

  • WiSeConnect SDK

  • Embedded Development Environment

  • Installation of Build tools for Linux including the gcc compiler (or equivalent on PC or Mac)

    • For Ubuntu, use the following command for installation: user@ubuntu:~$ sudo apt install build-essential

  • If you don't have Linux, Cygwin for Windows may be used instead

  • A working installation of iPerf version 2.0.9. Note: iPerf version 2.0.9 is the only version that has been verified to work with this example.

Project Setup#

Configuring the Application#

The application can be configured to suit your requirements and development environment. Read through the following sections and make any changes needed.

Host Interface#

  • By default, the application is configured to use the SPI bus for interfacing between Host platforms(STM32F411 Nucleo / EFR32MG21) and the RS9116W EVK.

  • This application is also configured to use the SDIO bus for interfacing between Host platforms(EFM32GG11) and the RS9116W EVK.

Bare Metal/RTOS Support#

To select a bare metal configuration, see Selecting bare metal.

Wi-Fi Configuration#

Configure the following parameters in rsi_throughput_app.c to enable your Silicon Labs Wi-Fi device to connect to your Wi-Fi network.

#define SSID           "SILABS_AP"      // Wi-Fi Network Name
#define PSK            "1234567890"     // Wi-Fi Password
#define SECURITY_TYPE  RSI_WPA2         // Wi-Fi Security Type: RSI_OPEN / RSI_WPA / RSI_WPA2
#define CHANNEL_NO     0                // Wi-Fi channel if the softAP is used (0 = auto select)

Client/Server IP Settings#

#define PORT_NUM           <local_port>   // Local port to use
#define SERVER_PORT        <remote_port>  // Remote server port
#define SERVER_IP_ADDRESS  0x640AA8C0     // Remote server IP address in little endian byte order:
                                          //   192.168.0.100 -> 0x64=100, 0x00=0, 0xA8=168, 0xC0=192

Throughput Measurement Types#

The application may be configured to measure throughput using UDP, TCP or SSL/TLS packets. Choose the measurement type using the THROUGHPUT_TYPE macro.

#define THROUGHPUT_TYPE  TCP_TX     // Selects the throughput option; see the following diagrams. 
#define TCP_TX           0			// RS9116W transmits packets to remote TCP client
#define TCP_RX           1			// RS9116W receives packets from remote TCP server
#define UDP_TX           2			// RS9116W transmits packets to remote UDP client
#define UDP_RX           3			// RS9116W receives packets from remote UDP server
#define SSL_TX           4			// RS9116W transmits packets to remote SSL client
#define SSL_RX           5			// RS9116W receives packets from remote SSL server

RS9116 is a TCP Client (sends TCP packets to a remote server) ... Figure: RS9116W Configured in TCP Client Mode

RS9116W is a TCP Server (receives TCP packets from a remote client) ... Figure: RS9116W Configured in TCP Server Mode

RS9116 is a UDP Client (sends UDP packets to a remote server) ... Figure: RS9116W Configured in UDP Client Mode

RS9116 is a UDP Server (receives UDP packets from a remote client) ... Figure: RS9116W Configured in UDP Server Mode

RS9116 is a SSL Client (sends SSL packets to a remote server) ... Figure: RS9116W Configured in SSL Client Mode

RS9116 is a SSL Server (receives SSL packets from a remote client) ... Figure: RS9116W Configured in SSL Server Mode

Throughput Options#

Various options are available to customize throughput measurements. Some options only apply for specific throughput types as secribed in the following sections.

Discrete Interval Measurements (UDP Rx and SSL Tx)#

#define MAX_TX_PKTS 10000

The default value of MAX_TX_PKTS is 10000. To measure throughput for higher intervals, make the following changes:

  • UDP Rx : Increase the value of MAX_TX_PKTS and provide a higher interval in the corresponding iperf command

  • SSL Tx : Increase the value of MAX_TX_PKTS and update the equivalent value in SSL_Server_throughput_d.py located in the release directory resources/scripts/.

Discrete Interval Measurements (UDP Tx and TCP Tx)#

#define THROUGHPUT_AVG_TIME  30000   // Throughput average time in ms

Configure THROUGHPUT_AVG_TIME to suit the desired interval.

Discrete Interval Measurements (TCP Rx and SSL Rx)#

  • TCP Rx : Configure the interval desired using the corresponding iperf command

  • SSL Rx : Increase the packet count in SSL_tx_throughput.py located in the release directory /resources/scripts/.

Continous Throughput Measurements#

#define CONTINUOUS_THROUGHPUT        0

CONTINUOUS_THROUGHPUT = 0 (default value)

  • Throughput is calculated only once for interval of :

    • THROUGHPUT_AVG_TIME in case of UDP TX/TCP TX

    • MAX_TX_PKTS in case of UDP RX/SSL TX

  • The time interval is provided by the server in case of TCP RX

  • Default packet count is provided in server SSL_tx_throughput.py in case of SSL RX

CONTINUOUS_THROUGHPUT = 1.

  • The application measures throughput continuously for every interval of THROUGHPUT_AVG_TIME regardless of THROUGHPUT_TYPE, when provided with the following configuration.

    • UDP Rx/TCP Rx : Configure high interval greater than THROUGHPUT_AVG_TIME

    • SSL Rx/SSL Tx : Increase packet count to the maximum in the scripts SSL_tx_throughput.py and SSL_Server_throughput_d.py


Note! If CONTINUOUS_THROUGHPUT = 1, ensure that the RS9116W client/server runs with an interval greater than THROUGHPUT_AVG_TIME.


Testing Throughput#

There are two 'ends' involved when measuring throughput, data is sent between the client end and the server end. By default, the Iperf protocol sends data from the Client to the Server to measure throughput. Depending on the configuration selected, the RS9116W may be the client or the server. In general, it is advisable to start the server before the client since the client will immediately begin to try to connect to the server to send data.

The following sections describe how to run the RS9116W throughput application together with examples for various Iperf configurations that run on the PC.

Running the RS9116 Application#

After making any custom configuration changes required, build, download and run the application as described in the EFx32 Getting Started or STM32 Getting Started.

UDP Tx Throughput#

To measure UDP Tx throughput, configure the RS9116W as a UDP client and start a UDP server on the remote PC. The Iperf command to start the UDP server on the PC is:

C:\> iperf.exe -s -u -p <SERVER_PORT> -i 1

For example ...

C:\> iperf.exe -s -u -p 5001 -i 1

UDP Rx Throughput#

To measure UDP Rx throughput, configure the RS9116W as a UDP server and start a UDP client on the remote PC. The Iperf command to start the UDP client is:

C:\> iperf.exe -c <Module_IP> -u -p <Module_Port> -i 1 -b <Bandwidth> -t <time interval in seconds>

For example ...

C:\> iperf.exe -c 192.168.0.100 -u -p 5001 -i 1 -b 50M -t 30

TCP Tx Throuhgput#

To measure TCP Tx throughput, configure the RS9116W as a TCP client and start a TCP server on the remote PC. The Iperf command to start the TCP server is:

C:\> iperf.exe -s -p <SERVER_PORT> -i 1

For example ...

C:\> iperf.exe -s -p 5001 -i 1

TCP Rx Throughput#

To measure TCP Rx throughput, configure the RS9116W as TCP server and start a TCP client on the remote PC. The Iperf command to start the TCP client is:

C:\> iperf.exe -c <Module_IP> -p <module_PORT> -i 1 -t <time interval in sec>

For example ...

C:\> iperf.exe -c 192.168.0.100 -p 5001 -i 1 -t 30

SSL Tx Throughput#

To measure SSL Tx throughput, configure the RS9116W as a SSL client and start a SSL server on the remote PC as described in the following bullets:

  • Copy the SSL_Server_throughput_d.py script from the release /resources/scripts/ directory to the /resources/certificates/ directory

  • Open a command prompt and cd to the folder /resources/certificates/, then run the following command:

    • C:\> python SSL_Server_throughput_d.py

SSL Rx Throughput#

To measure SSL RX throughput, configure the RS9116W as a SSL server and open a SSL client on the remote PC as described in the following bullets:

  • Copy the SSL_tx_throughput.py script from the release /resources/scripts/ directory to the /resources/certificates/

  • Open a command prompt and cd to the folder /resources/certificates/, then run the following command:

    • C:\> python SSL_tx_throughput.py

The RS9116W, which is configured as a UDP/TCP/SSL server/client, connects to the iperf server/client and sends/receives data for configured intervals. While module is transmitting/receiving the data, application prints the throughput numbers in serial console.


Note! In this release, due to a low SPI frequency configured for the EFR32, WLAN throughput is lower than the maximum achievable throughput. This will be addressed in the next release.


Selecting Bare Metal#

The application has been designed to work with FreeRTOS and Bare Metal configurations. By default, the application project files (Keil and Simplicity studio) are configured with FreeRTOS enabled. The following steps demonstrate how to configure Simplicity Studio and Keil to test the application in a Bare Metal environment.

Bare Metal with Simplicity Studio#

  • Open the project in Simplicity Studio

  • Right click on the project and choose 'Properties'

  • Go to 'C/C++ Build' | 'Settings' | 'GNU ARM C Compiler' | 'Symbols' and remove macro 'RSI_WITH_OS=1'

  • Select 'Apply' and 'OK' to save the settings

Figure: project settings in Simplicity Studio

Figure: project settings in Simplicity Studio

Bare Metal with Keil#

  • Open the project in Keil and select 'Options for Target'

  • Go to the 'C/C++' tab and remove 'RSI_WITH_OS' macro present under Preprocessor Symbols

  • Select 'OK' to save the settings

Figure: project settings in Keil IDE